How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is considered one of the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots back to these prehistoric days when someone grabbed a digging instrument and started burrowing into the ground. In the various millennia since, mining has grown into one of many world’s most important and widespread industrial enterprises, with operations unfold across the globe whereas tasked with recovering an virtually inexhaustible record of valuable commodities.
In reality, according to the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined products were recovered in 2018, up from 11.three billion metric tons in 2000 and almost double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian nations accounted for 58 percent of the 2018 manufacturing, with North America second at 15.1 p.c, adopted by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, เกจวัดแรงดัน (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) have been essentially the most prolific producers, with their complete fifty one.1 % of production greater than the relaxation of the world mixed.
This implies that the mining industry is a strong one, with strong development expected to proceed within the coming years in plenty of areas of the world. It additionally signifies that mining operations will proceed to rely on pumping applied sciences that offer strong, dependable, and secure service in a variety of important liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why optimistic displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps may be your best option for so much of of those applications.

While mining might appear to be nothing greater than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy equipment or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to access from above—there are, in fact, many complicated and sometimes delicate operations that should be carried out correctly if the mining operation is to perform at its highest level of efficiency.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping know-how that can function reliably in harsh and remote places, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive merchandise, and likewise one that is able to be maintained and repaired simply so downtime is lessened. The pumps should even be mild enough to be manually moved from location to location inside the mine itself.
For many years, a preferred alternative for use in these circumstances was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are capable of create the high flow charges which may be required, they’ve a number of operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an inability to self-prime or run dry; special seals needed to stop leaks; special linings wanted to handle solids; excessive motor speeds of up to 1,800 rpm; and comparatively high maintenance necessities and costs, particularly when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another well-liked selection has been the progressive cavity pump, however, like centrifugal pumps, they’ve a quantity of operational shortcomings. These include an inability to constantly deal with liquids with high levels of abrasives, which outcomes in elevated maintenance prices, wear on expensive stators and rotors that can finally must be changed, and general higher buy, operating, and repair/replacement costs.
Here are a few of the specific liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways that some pump technologies can fall brief in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing excess produced water from the mine is a crucial 24/7/365 operation and the water that is recovered is often filled with particulates that could be as giant as zero.12 to zero.sixteen inches in size. If used on this utility, centrifugal pumps require special materials of development, which could be cost prohibitive, to protect towards impeller wear caused by the abrasive particles. pressure gauge octa are also not dry-run capable, which adversely impacts their stage of efficiency in this application.
General service: For frequent liquid-handling functions, you need an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip lines, function at low speeds while nonetheless delivering excessive move charges, and be straightforward to maintain and restore. Centrifugal pumps merely do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This typically demands a need to make use of particular mechanical seals, which can lead to exorbitant upkeep, repair, and alternative costs.
Press filter: Press filters are used to scrub the liquids which are produced within the mines and, once more, centrifugal pumps can fall quick on this utility as a end result of the solid-laden liquid can harm the pump’s internals unless particular, dearer supplies of development or linings are used. Also, the character of press-filter operation creates a powerful discharge-pressure variation that can pressure the centrifugal pump to operate away from its greatest efficiency point (BEP), leading to high vibration and radial hundreds that can lead to shortened service life. A answer to that is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, but these are expensive and might negatively have an result on the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product transfer: This is obtainable in all forms in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vans with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, contemporary and fouled water, and any chemical substances which are required. In every instance, there’s the danger that the pump might be forced to run dry because the truck or storage vessel is emptied, while discharge-pressure variation can even generate excessive vibration and radial masses. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps cannot run dry, so they need safety from this condition or the addition of special seals. However, all of these upgrades still cannot completely defend in opposition to a catastrophic failure.

While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the simplest solution in many liquid-handling purposes in mining, one pump expertise that has proven to be an optimum choice is AODD—in terms of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and maintenance, and security for mining personnel and the environment.
AODD pumps are capable of carry out effectively in mining purposes as a outcome of their technique of operation permits them to easily handle variable circulate charges and pressures, while being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble enough to switch liquids that are shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, in addition to slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and different particulates.
The easy design of the AODD pump features few shifting parts and comparably decrease speeds than other pump technologies, which improves reliability and simplifies upkeep, whereas the pump’s seal-less development ends in fewer leaks, which is a critical consideration when handling the various hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids that are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps can be found in both steel (most commonly aluminum, ductile iron and solid iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, while a huge selection of elastomers can be used in the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility concerns.
A extensive variety of AODD pump configurations present operational flexibility that may also lead to optimized performance at many ranges. The capacity to function AODD pumps in a broad range of applications, from basic common use to delicate chemical-handling processes, allows operators to extra cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps may also be less expensive to function, especially those fashions which are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most elementary, AODD pumps excel in the typical rugged and harsh operating conditions found in the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents along with corresponding downtime and repair costs.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping principle sixty-five years in the past, has been devoted to growing technologies that meet the needs of mining operations. Today, Wilden offers three AODD pump fashions which are constructed to excel in mining purposes, out there in ductile iron, cast iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar supplies of construction:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which characteristic a bolted configuration, have been constructed to be used in applications that require the dealing with of liquids featuring large solids. The Brahma pumps have a novel top-inlet/bottom-discharge circulate orientation and flap valves that allow the passage of enormous solids with no risk that damage will occur because of product entrapment or the settling of solids inside the pump’s internal flow paths. Brahma pumps are available in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to reduce air consumption by as a lot as 60 %. The T810 and T1510 fashions are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate vary for the 4 Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures as a lot as one hundred twenty five psi with solids-handling functionality starting from 2 to 3 inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps characteristic a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design features massive internal clearances and flow-through paths for simple passage of huge solids with no likelihood for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting additional permits solids passage, while a polyurethane screen base at the inlet increases the pump’s sturdiness. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) models are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps that includes the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most sturdy ADS design for the hardest environments. เพรสเชอร์เกจ amongst the six fashions vary from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures up to a hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that can be handled vary from half of to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps feature clamped or bolted configuration. Their design features completely different chamber supplies, together with metallic and plastics, even Kynar, which is able to handling high ranges of abrasive supplies. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can be the most environment friendly AODD pump available in the market, capable of reducing up to 60 percent air consumption. This makes it the finest choice for dealing with corrosive and abrasive products in mining processes. The pumps have a product vary that goes from 1.5 to three inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are capable of be outfitted with a extensive array of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of materials, corresponding to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm vary gives customers the widest number of diaphragms available on the market, all of which are able to providing prolonged imply time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with reduced maintenance, repair, and substitute costs.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the best alternative for the aforementioned frequent liquid-handling purposes in mining: dewatering, basic service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and every day product switch.

In abstract, Wilden AODD pumps are the best suited choice for mining applications because they offer considerable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead capability, along with increased operational safety and a discount in maintenance/repair prices that may be incurred by pumps that are not designed to deal with abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps additionally outperform different AODD applied sciences in other important ways: simple design with the bottom number of elements for quicker, less complicated, and safer repairs and the bottom variety of spare elements to stock; recent enhancements in supplies of development that enhance the pump’s MTBF; and improved efficiency by way of using the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which finally leads to faster product transfer with lower air consumption. Wilden additionally continues to innovate via the development of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, both of which enhance service life and security while not compromising the dealing with of difficult liquids.

Fernando Meneses is the regional manager North Latin America for Wilden, a leading manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He could be reached at Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of several main pump corporations, including Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra data, visit or

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